Paint is a finishing material that gives a building to next level. Here is a list of different types of paints using based on technical specifications. This paints guide help you to use the right paints for the house, residential, office buildings, commercial and other industrial building construction projects. Let’s take a look types of wall paint and types of paints and their uses in construction.
Whitewash is a low-cost paint made from a mixture of slaked lime or powdered chalk, size and water used for whitening brick walls, concrete walls, other wall surfaces, woodworks, etc.
2. Oil Paints
There are commonly different type oils available like linseed oil, Tung oil, poppy oil, nut oil. This oil paint is slow drying paints which consist of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil or oil varnish as the basic vehicle ingredient.
3. Emulsion Paint
Emulsions are defined as a mix of two liquids that don’t mix well.Two liquids can form different types of emulsions.
4. Enamel Paints
Enamel paint is oil based and with a considerably glossy finish. It consists of white lead, zinc white, resinous matter and petroleum spirit. More durable and have a hard strong finish for the surface. It provides excellent coverage and colour retention.
Bituminous paint is made of asphalt bitumen or coal tar which dissolved in mineral spirit or naphtha. It’s black colour suitable colouring pigments may be added for the desired colour. Bituminous Paints are alkaline resistant hence it is used for underwater structure, weather protecting steelwork, waterproofing, wood, concrete and potable water tanks. It is also used for any type of exterior metal work and iron work such as fire escapes, ladders etc.
6. Distemper Paint
Distemper is water based paints used for both interior and exterior walls. The major constituents of distemper are chalk, lime, water and some colouring pigments if necessary. This Paint is available in powder and paste form. It is cheaper than other paints. Distemper paints can be classified as one type of better white wash.
Luminous paint glows in the dark because it contains a substance that emits light for a certain length of time after exposure to an energy source.
8. Epoxy Paint
Epoxy paint finished material used primarily as a floor covering. It forms a hard and shiny surface upon application. Hence these paints are used in commercial building, industrial floors particularly pharmaceutical industry, operation theatres and garages due to its strength and resistance to damage.
9. Cement Based Paints
Cement-based paints are water based paint in which cement forms the base. Cement paints do not require oil or other organic matter. It can apply on exterior surfaces as well as interior walls. It is used for painting exterior wall surface mainly for preventing water penetration and reductions of dirt collection.
A paint based on pigment and synthetic resin produced by emulsion polymerization, as the principal constituent of the binder. Latex is a white milky liquid exuding from trees like rubber. It can apply on walls and trim, concrete, wood etc.
11. Lead Paint
White lead is insoluble in water, making the paint highly water-resistant with a durable, washable finish. The term applies to any paint, paste, stopping, filling or other material used in painting.
12. Metallic Paint
Metallic paints consist of flecks of aluminium, copper, bronze, stainless steel, or other metals which give a film with an appearance of metallic. This is generally used for painting metallic surface.
13. Rubber Paint
Rubber paint is an emulsion paint having chlorinated rubber as its binder or non-volatile vehicle. They withstand water and other tough conditions. Rubber Paints are used in boats, swimming pools, etc. with a long-lasting alternative that won’t wear down over time. Rubber paint is also one type of latex paint.
14. Aluminium Paint
Aluminium paint is using paint a variety of materials, including metals, wood, and masonry. It is a coating material which is made by a mixture of oil varnish and aluminium pigment in the form of thin flakes which overlap in the paint film and which reflects the sun’s radiation well and retains the heat in hot-air or hot-water pipes or tanks.
15. Textured Paint
Textured Paint often used as an alternative to wallpaper and it is also a great solution to hide uneven and imperfect wall surfaces. It is consists of coarse grains such as gypsum, sand; metal, ribbon, lace, leather, etc. with the water-thinned binder used for creating a rough pattern effect on a wall. Textured paint become one of the most popular trends in painting as different types of styles can be created on the wall.
16. Silicone Paint
Silicone paint is a special type of coating in which alkyd resins are modified by adding silicone. It has excellent durability, toughness, good resistance to cracking and abrasion resistance caused by severe temperature changes. It is mostly used in maintenance paints for steel and concrete, exterior decorative, marine paints, coatings on brass and aluminium, and as a heat-resistant it is used in chimneys, ovens, etc. It repels water on masonry surfaces such as stone and brick.
17. Zinc-Rich Paint
Zinc-rich paint is made from a suitably high amount of zinc dust or zinc powder with organic or inorganic binders. It is mostly applied on the coat on steel or other metallic surfaces to prevent a continuous risk of corrosion from the harsh environment.
18. Anti-Corrosive Paint
Anti-corrosive paint is a composition of corrosion resistant pigments such as zinc chromate, lead chromate or red lead. This type of paint is mostly applied on iron or steel products. It protects the metal components against degradation due to moisture, salt spray, oxidation or exposure to a various environmental and industrial chemical.
19. Fungicidal Paints
Fungicidal discourages a growth of fungi on its dry applied film. The fungicidal properties are normally conferred by the addition of special additives; although certain pigments, such as zinc oxide, commonly used in paints contribute the fungicidal properties of the paint.
20. Anti-Condensation Paint:
Anti-condensation paints are designed to reduce the formation of condensation of moisture under intermittently dry and humid conditions.Such a material normally has a matt textured finish and frequently contains cork or some other heat insulating materials as a filler.